Saturday, May 9, 2020

Coronavirus Pandemic 2019: REFS

[Source article]

Air Pollution and COVID-19

Cadotte, Marc. “Early Evidence That COVID-19 Government Policies Reduce Urban Air Pollution,” March 30, 2020. https://doi.org/10.31223/osf.io/nhgj3.

Conticini, Edoardo, Bruno Frediani, and Dario Caro. “Can Atmospheric Pollution Be Considered a Co-Factor in Extremely High Level of SARS-CoV-2 Lethality in Northern Italy?” Environmental Pollution, April 4, 2020, 114465. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114465.

“Evaluation of the Potential Relationship between Particulate Matter (PM) Pollution and COVID-19 Infection Spread in Italy.” Accessed May 3, 2020. https://www.guapo-air.org/sites/default/files/2020-03/Evaluation%20of%20the%20potential%20relationship%20between%20Particulate%20Matter%20%28PM%29%20pollution%20and%20COVID-19%20infection%20spread%20in%20Italy.pdf.

“Exposure to Air Pollution and COVID-19 Mortality in the United States: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study | MedRxiv.” Accessed May 3, 2020. https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.04.05.20054502v2.

Ficetola, Gentile Francesco, and Diego Rubolini. “Climate Affects Global Patterns of COVID-19 Early Outbreak Dynamics.” MedRxiv, April 20, 2020, 2020.03.23.20040501. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.03.23.20040501.

Ma, Yueling, Yadong Zhao, Jiangtao Liu, Xiaotao He, Bo Wang, Shihua Fu, Jun Yan, Jingping Niu, Ji Zhou, and Bin Luo. “Effects of Temperature Variation and Humidity on the Death of COVID-19 in Wuhan, China.” Science of The Total Environment 724 (July 1, 2020): 138226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138226.

Martelletti, Luigi, and Paolo Martelletti. “Air Pollution and the Novel Covid-19 Disease: A Putative Disease Risk Factor.” Sn Comprehensive Clinical Medicine, April 15, 2020, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42399-020-00274-4.

Natale, Giuseppe De, Valerio Ricciardi, Gabriele De Luca, Dario De Natale, Giovanni Di Meglio, Antonio Ferragamo, Vito Marchitelli, et al. “The Covid-19 Infection in Italy: A Statistical Study of an Abnormally Severe Disease,” April 6, 2020. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202004.0049.v1.

“Pansini and Fornacca - 2020 - Initial Evidence of Higher Morbidity and Mortality.Pdf.” Accessed May 3, 2020. https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.04.04.20053595v2.full.pdf.

Pansini, Riccardo, and Davide Fornacca. “Initial Evidence of Higher Morbidity and Mortality Due to SARS-CoV-2 in Regions with Lower Air Quality.” Preprint. Epidemiology, April 7, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.04.04.20053595.

Sasidharan, Manu, Ajit Singh, Mehran Eskandari Torbaghan, and Ajith Kumar Parlikad. “A Vulnerability-Based Approach to Human-Mobility Reduction for Countering COVID-19 Transmission in London While Considering Local Air Quality.” MedRxiv, April 17, 2020, 2020.04.13.20060798. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.04.13.20060798.

Travaglio, Marco, Yizhou Yu, Rebeka Popovic, Nuno Santos Leal, and L. Miguel Martins. “Links between Air Pollution and COVID-19 in England.” MedRxiv, April 28, 2020, 2020.04.16.20067405. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.04.16.20067405.

Wang, Pengfei, Kaiyu Chen, Shengqiang Zhu, Peng Wang, and Hongliang Zhang. “Severe Air Pollution Events Not Avoided by Reduced Anthropogenic Activities during COVID-19 Outbreak.” Resources, Conservation and Recycling 158 (July 1, 2020): 104814. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2020.104814.

Politics

Guzman, Joseph. “Fauci Says Second Wave of Coronavirus Is ‘Inevitable.’” Text. The Hill, April 29, 2020. https://thehill.com/changing-america/resilience/natural-disasters/495211-fauci-says-second-wave-of-coronavirus-is.

NBC News. “Trump Calls Coronavirus Democrats’ ‘New Hoax.’” Accessed May 5, 2020. https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/donald-trump/trump-calls-coronavirus-democrats-new-hoax-n1145721.

Epicenters, Set 1

“15 Cities with the Most New COVID-19 Cases, Deaths.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.beckershospitalreview.com/rankings-and-ratings/15-cities-with-the-most-new-covid-19-cases-deaths.html.

A Tale of Two Countries: Sweden, Germany Take Different COVID-19 Approaches. Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YyqRsOPo4Ik&feature=youtu.be.

CalMatters. “Activists Want California to Ban Fracking. What Does Gov. Newsom Want?,” April 11, 2019. https://calmatters.org/environment/2019/04/activists-want-california-fracking-ban-newsom.

Agency, Anadolu. “Hydraulic Fracking Sees Turkey Enter New Energy Era.” Daily Sabah, October 9, 2019. https://www.dailysabah.com/energy/2019/10/09/hydraulic-fracking-sees-turkey-enter-new-energy-era.

Andrew Salmon. “Seoul to Send Destroyer to Strait of Hormuz.” Asia Times, January 21, 2020. https://asiatimes.com/2020/01/sth-korea-to-send-destroyer-to-straits-of-hormuz.

“Az_motor_fuel_and_supply_distribution.Pdf.” Accessed May 1, 2020.
https://www.pinalcountyaz.gov/AirQuality/Documents/Travel%20Reduction/az_motor_fuel_and_supply_distribution.pdf.

“Belgium Covid Deaths - Google Search.” Accessed May 1, 2020.

“Belgium Population - Google Search.” Accessed May 1, 2020.

Reason.com. “Belgium’s Coronavirus Death Rate Surpasses Italy’s,” April 13, 2020. https://reason.com/2020/04/13/belgiums-coronavirus-death-rate-surpasses-italys.

Life in Norway. “Black Gold: Norway’s Oil Story,” October 2, 2019.
https://www.lifeinnorway.net/norway-oil-history.

“Brazil Aiming to Double Its Oil Production.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.rigzone.com/news/brazil_aiming_to_double_its_oil_production-29-nov-2019-160430-article.

“Canada Coronavirus: 55,061 Cases and 3,391 Deaths - Worldometer.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/country/canada.

Canada, Natural Resources. “Oil-Supply-Demand.” Natural Resources Canada, February 11, 2016. https://www.nrcan.gc.ca/our-natural-resources/energy-sources-distribution/clean-fossil-fuels/crude-oil/oil-supply-demand/18086.

Correspondent, Caroline Enos Globe, Updated February 12, 2020, and 3:20 p m Email to a Friend Share on Facebook Share on TwitterPrint this Article View Comments15.
“Massachusetts Has 3rd Highest Number of Deaths from Out-of-State Air Pollution, Study Finds - The Boston Globe.” BostonGlobe.com. Accessed May 2, 2020.
https://www.bostonglobe.com/2020/02/12/metro/massachusetts-has-3rd-highest-number-deaths-out-of-state-air-pollution-study-finds.

Ballotpedia. “Fracking in Michigan.” Accessed May 2, 2020. https://ballotpedia.org/Fracking_in_Michigan.

“French State Blamed in Key Air Pollution Case.” BBC News, June 25, 2019, sec. Europe. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-48762911.

“Groningen Earthquake: Dutch Province Hit by Tremor Blamed on Decades of Gas Extraction | The Independent.” Accessed May 1, 2020.
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/groningen-earthquake-today-netherlands-gas-extraction-fracking-a8924846.html.

harvoa.org hypotheses and review of literature. “Harvoa.Org Hypotheses and Review of Literature: New York Measles 2019: Environment Omitted,” April 10, 2019. https://harvoa-med.blogspot.com/2019/04/measlesbrklyn.html.

Hladky, Gregory B. “Connecticut’s Air Pollution Is among the Worst in the Eastern U.S., According to New Report.” courant.com. Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.courant.com/news/connecticut/hc-news-bad-ct-air-quality-report-20190424-37tp7xx4b5c5lf3il6yzaybyya-story.html.

“Hydraulic Fracturing by Country.” In Wikipedia, April 13, 2020. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hydraulic_fracturing_by_country&oldid=950790023.

“What Are Spain’s Main Exports and Imports?” iContainers. https://www.icontainers.com/us/2020/01/21/spains-main-exports-and-imports.

“Infected U.S. Shale Oil Is Being Turned Away by Asian Buyers.” Bloomberg.Com, March 27, 2019. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-03-27/infected-u-s-shale-oil-is-being-turned-away-by-asian-buyers.

“International - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.eia.gov/international/analysis/country/ESP.

“Japan Meteorological Agency | Overview of Japan’s Climate.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.data.jma.go.jp/gmd/cpd/longfcst/en/tourist_japan.html.

Statista. “Japan: Oil Imports by Country.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.statista.com/statistics/761568/japan-crude-oil-import-by-country.

nippon.com. “Japan Still Reliant on Middle Eastern Oil,” June 25, 2019. https://www.nippon.com/en/japan-data/h00482/japan-still-reliant-on-middle-eastern-oil.html.

Krauss, Clifford. “Flood of Oil Is Coming, Complicating Efforts to Fight Global Warming.” The New York Times, November 3, 2019, sec. Business. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/03/business/energy-environment/oil-supply.html.

Earthjustice. “Louisiana and Fracking,” April 8, 2011. https://earthjustice.org/features/louisiana-and-fracking.

“Louisiana Fracking - Google Search.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.google.com/search?q=louisiana+fracking&oq=louisiana+fracking

Moens, Barbara. “Why Is Belgium’s Death Toll so High?” POLITICO. Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.politico.com/news/2020/04/19/why-is-belgiums-death-toll-so-high-195778.

Myers, Steven Lee. “China Experiences a Fracking Boom, and All the Problems That Go With It.” The New York Times, March 8, 2019, sec. World. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/08/world/asia/china-shale-gas-fracking.html.

Nomads, World. “Air Pollution in Italy: Health Hazards to Be Aware Of.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.worldnomads.com/travel-safety/europe/italy/pollution-other-health-hazards-in-italy.

“Petroleum Industry in Iran.” In Wikipedia, April 5, 2020. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Petroleum_industry_in_Iran.

“Phoenix Covid Deaths - Google Search.” Accessed May 1, 2020.

“Phoenix; Population - Google Search.” Accessed May 1, 2020.

“Population Density per Square Mile of Countries.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.infoplease.com/world/population-statistics/population-density-square-mile-countries.

project, The World Air Quality Index. “Philadelphia Air Pollution: Real-Time Air Quality Index.” aqicn.org. Accessed May 1, 2020. https://aqicn.org/city/philadelphia/.

Rapoza, Kenneth. “Putin: ‘We’ll Never Frack.’” Forbes. Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.forbes.com/sites/kenrapoza/2019/11/20/putin-well-never-frack.

“Russia Exports Most of Its Crude Oil Production, Mainly to Europe - Today in Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=33732.

Seth, Shobhit. “Countries With the Highest Fracking Potential.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/091614/countries-highest-fracking-potential.asp.

“S.Korean Refiners Reject U.S. Oil Cargoes, but Will Keep Trade Going.” Reuters, March 29, 2019. https://www.reuters.com/article/southkorea-crude-usa-idUSL3N21F27V.

“South Korea Imports No Oil from Iran in June; First-Half Imports Fall 37%.” Reuters, July 15, 2019. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-southkorea-oil-iran-idUSKCN1UA01Z.

“South Korea Naval Unit to Expand Operations to Strait of Hormuz | Voice of America - English.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.voanews.com/east-asia-pacific/south-korea-naval-unit-expand-operations-strait-hormuz.

“Sweden Strikes Own Oil, Yet Prefers to Import Russian Fuel.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://sputniknews.com/business/201703071051330296-sweden-oil-russia.

OZY. “The Dirty Secret Behind Norway’s ‘Green’ Economy,” May 9, 2018. https://www.ozy.com/around-the-world/the-dirty-secret-behind-norways-green-economy/86604.

“These Are the 55 Most Polluted Towns in Italy - The Local.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.thelocal.it/20190122/these-are-the-55-most-polluted-towns-in-italy.

Times, The New York. “Coronavirus in the U.S.: Latest Map and Case Count.” The New York Times, sec. U.S. Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/us/coronavirus-us-cases.html.

“Turkey Covid Deaths - Google Search.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.google.com/search?q=turkey+covid+deaths&oq=turkey.

“Turkey: Population - Google Search.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.google.com/search?q=turkey%3A+population&oq=turkey%3A+population.

“UK: Oil and Gas Imports, by Country.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.statista.com/statistics/381963/crude-oil-and-natural-gas-import-origin-countries-to-united-kingdom-uk.

Energuide. “Where Does the Electricity and the Gas Used in Belgium Come From?” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.energuide.be/en/questions-answers/where-does-the-electricity-and-the-gas-used-in-belgium-come-from/4.

NPR.org. “Why Belgium’s Death Rate Is So High: It Counts Lots Of Suspected COVID-19 Cases.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.npr.org/sections/coronavirus-live-updates/2020/04/22/841005901/why-belgiums-death-rate-is-so-high-it-counts-lots-of-suspected-covid-19-cases.

“WWF-Fossil-Fuels-Final-Report” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://wwf.be/assets/IMAGES-2/CAMPAGNES/ELECTIONS2019/FF-report/WWF-fossil-fuels-final-report.pdf.

Epicenters, Set 2

“Turkey Covid Deaths - Google Search.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.google.com/search?q=turkey+covid+deaths&oq=turkey&aqs=chrome.0.69i59j69i57j69i61.1311j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8.

“Turkey: Population - Google Search.” Accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.google.com/search?q=turkey%3A+population&oq=turkey%3A+population&aqs=chrome..69i57j69i58.3727j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8.

Morudu, Palesa. “Opinion | This Is South Africa’s Third Major Pandemic in 100 Years. It Has Learned Its Lessons.” Washington Post. Accessed May 2, 2020. https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2020/05/01/this-is-south-africas-third-major-pandemic-100-years-it-has-learned-its-lessons/.

Nordling, Apr. 15, Linda, 2020, and 10:45 Am. “South Africa Flattens Its Coronavirus Curve—and Considers How to Ease Restrictions.” Science | AAAS, April 15, 2020. https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/04/south-africa-flattens-its-coronavirus-curve-and-considers-how-ease-restrictions.

South African Market Insights. “South Africa’s Crude Oil Imports.” Accessed May 2, 2020. https://www.SouthAfricanMI.com/blog-23oct2017.html.

Magee, Caitlin. “Is African Fracking to Receive an Injection of Investment?” SciTech Europa (blog), January 6, 2020. https://www.scitecheuropa.eu/is-african-fracking-to-receive-an-injection-of-investments/99076/.

Ballotpedia. “Fracking in Michigan.” Accessed May 2, 2020. https://ballotpedia.org/Fracking_in_Michigan.

Correspondent, Caroline Enos Globe, Updated February 12, 2020, and 3:20 p m Email to a Friend Share on Facebook Share on TwitterPrint this Article View Comments15. “Massachusetts Has 3rd Highest Number of Deaths from Out-of-State Air Pollution, Study Finds - The Boston Globe.” BostonGlobe.com. Accessed May 2, 2020. https://www.bostonglobe.com/2020/02/12/metro/massachusetts-has-3rd-highest-number-deaths-out-of-state-air-pollution-study-finds/.

Fortune. “China Is Guzzling Crude Oil. Where Is It All Coming From?” Accessed May 2, 2020. https://fortune.com/longform/china-crude-oil-consumption-map/.

Hou, Zhenbo, Dean Granoff, Ilmi Granoff, Jodie Keane, Jane Kennan, and Andrew Norton. “The Development Implications of the Fracking Revolution,” n.d., 42.

Myers, Steven Lee. “China Experiences a Fracking Boom, and All the Problems That Go With It.” The New York Times, March 8, 2019, sec. World. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/08/world/asia/china-shale-gas-fracking.html.

World’s Top Exports. “Top 15 Crude Oil Suppliers to China,” April 26, 2020. http://www.worldstopexports.com/top-15-crude-oil-suppliers-to-china/.

Troush, Sergei. “China’s Changing Oil Strategy and Its Foreign Policy Implications.” Brookings (blog), November 30, 1AD. https://www.brookings.edu/articles/chinas-changing-oil-strategy-and-its-foreign-policy-implications/.

Symptoms

Amy McKeever. “Inflamed Brains, Toe Rashes, Strokes: Why COVID-19’s Weirdest Symptoms Are Only Emerging Now,” May 21, 2020. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2020/05/kawasaki-stroke-why-coronavirus-weirdest-symptoms-are-only-emerging-now-cvd/?cmpid=org=ngp::mc=crm-email::src=ngp::cmp=editorial::add=SpecialEdition_20200522

ATSDR. “Medical Management Guidelines (MMGs): Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN).” Accessed May 11, 2020. https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/MMG/MMG.asp?id=1141&tid=249.

Aylin Woodward. “Coronavirus Shows Doctors How a Virus Can Cause Strokes and Blood Clots - Business Insider,” May 3, 2020. https://www.businessinsider.com/coronavirus-causes-strokes-inflammation-in-blood-vessels-clots-2020-4.

CDC - MMWR. “The Emergency Response Safety and Health Database: Systemic Agent: HYDROGEN CYANIDE (AC) - NIOSH,” September 27, 2018. https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/emergencyresponsecard_29750038.html.

Claire Jarvis. “The Unusual Symptoms of COVID-19.” The Scientist Magazine®, May 7, 2020. https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/the-unusual-symptoms-of-covid-19-67522.

“Cyanide Poisoning.” In Wikipedia, April 19, 2020. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cyanide_poisoning&oldid=951938589.

EPA. “Toxicological Review of Hydrogen Cyanide and Cyanide Salts,” September 2010. https://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/iris/iris_documents/documents/toxreviews/0060tr.pdf.

Matsuoka, Yoshinori, Mitsuhiro Yasuda, and Makoto Hashizume. “Lung Injury and Renal Failure Caused by Potassium Cyanide Poisoning.” BMJ Case Reports 2009 (December 9, 2009). https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr.04.2009.1768.

N.V. Bhagavan. “Cyanide Poisoning,” 2015. https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/cyanide-poisoning.

Stacy Kish. “Sick with COVID-19? Watch for Fever Shakes, Called Rigors,” April 7, 2020. https://uofuhealth.utah.edu/newsroom/news/2020/04/fever-covid19.php.
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Disclaimer: The author is not an authority or professional. For medical advice, see a trusted professional without delay. All statements are hypotheses for discussion. Constructive criticism is welcome.

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3 comments:

  1. Great, thank you for posting this-lots of info to go through.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Do you think this article could predict that possibility of a "summer flu" with the use of Ravenswood, an elderly "duel-fuel" generating station on the East River, and as many as 13 other methane-emitting plants around New York City’s five borough to take up the summertime spike in energy needs due to higher temperatures? Here they admit New York's other gas plants, CPV Energy, located east of Poughkeepsie, and another plant in Bayonne, New Jersey, will be emitting 10 to 15 million tons of greenhouse gases into the state’s atmosphere each year and the resulting mix of sulfurics, methane, nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxide, derived from fracked gas, with added methane leakage, will seriously thwart respiratory patient recovery efforts during the COVID-19 pandemic. They again admit that Ravenswood’s effects on Queens with respiratory health issues and know as “asthma alley." link:
    https://www.lohud.com/story/opinion/2020/04/21/indian-point-ny-clean-air/5165996002/

    ReplyDelete
  3. Absolutely. We reflect each other in my measles research of 2019:

    https://harvoa-med.blogspot.com/2019/04/measlesbrklyn.html

    ReplyDelete

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